There is no specific legislation on controlling stress at work because not enough is known to set detailed standards or requirements. There is a voluntary approved code of practice (the Health and Safety Management Standards), which is meant to guide employers in matters of work stress. However, since the Management Standards came into being in 2004, there has been little decline in work stressors in Britain. It is important to note that:-
What is Stress?
The Health & Safety Executive defines stress as “the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed upon them”. This makes an important distinction between pressure and stress. Pressure can be a positive state if managed correctly and stress can be detrimental to health. It also makes a distinction between the beneficial effects of reasonable pressure and challenge that can be stimulating and motivating. Work-related stress is the natural but distressing reaction to demands or “pressures” that the individual perceives they cannot cope with at the given time. Stress is not a disease or diagnosable illness; however, exposure to excessive pressure can result in health problems both physical and mental.
Controlling and Preventative Management of Stress Evidence-based methods of practice are improving the quality of prevention of ill-health caused by work and enables practitioners to give more soundly advice. The techniques of data appraisal, systematic review and meta-analysis and their application to clinical and preventative medicine through clinical guidelines and economic analyses are well established.